|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Violence||The Committee recommends that the State party collect disaggregated data about the sexual abuse of and violence against children, including the number of complaints, reports to the police, investigations, prosecutions, sentences and sanctions.|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home, alternative care settings, day care, schools, penal institutions and as a sentence for crime.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
The report from Brunei shows that much remains to be done to implement the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The most serious violations that need to be addressed immediately are the use of whipping against boys as a state instrument and the fact that female circumcision is only prohibited in severe forms.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee is deeply concerned at the persistence of the practice of female circumcision, which is not regarded by the State party as a form of female genital mutilation. The Committee is also concerned that that practice is prohibited and prosecuted only in its severe form and that a large number of girls are victims of female circumcision/female genital mutilation. The Committee urges the State party to fully adopt legislation to fully prohibit and criminalize the practice of female genital mutilation, including female circumcision and cutting, in all its forms.
|Situation of children with disabilities|
There is a lack of reliable disaggregated data on children with disabilities in Brunei and thereby an absence of specific information on initiatives and programmes for the rehabilitation and reintegration of children with disabilities, particularly those children suffering from multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination.
|Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children||The State Party endeavours to naturalize and assimilate a large number of stateless permanent residents. The Committee is, however, concerned at the lack of disaggregated data available on the number of stateless persons and children. It is also concerned that barriers remain for the naturalization of the majority of stateless persons, in particular stateless children, in Brunei. The Committee recommends that the State party provide birth registration and access to basic rights, such as health and education, to all stateless children and their families on the State party’s territory, irrespective of their legal status. It further recommends to establish a comprehensive and systematic mechanism for the collection of data on stateless children and ensure that the data are disaggregated.|
|Free primary and secondary school||Yes|
The Committee is concerned at the shortage of qualified local health personnel in the State party, which has a negative impact on the health of children. To guarantee every child the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health, the Committee recommends that the State party allocate sufficient financial and human resources to health services, particularly child health and nutrition, providing effective access to trained and qualified health-care personnel.
|Relation to other countries|
The Committee recommends that the State party take measures to ensure that adolescents have access to mental health counselling services.
The Committee is concerned at the absence of a list of hazardous work in which children should not be involved. The Committee urges the State party to enforce its national legislation to ensure that child labour, including in the informal sector and in family businesses, is in full compliance with international standards, as well as to ensure the full protection of children against all forms of sexual, physical and psychological harassment. The Committee also recommends that the State party explicitly prohibit the employment of children in hazardous work, including exploitative domestic work, as well as establish a list of hazardous work in which children should not be involved. It also recommends to strengthen the implementation of labour laws by establishing labour inspections, including in the informal sector, and ensuring that anyone violating legislation on child labour is held accountable.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee remains deeply concerned that no progress has been made towards the abolishment of the sentence of whipping for boys. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned at the lack of adequate training for probation officers working with children.
The Committee remains concerned that, despite measures taken by the State party to ensure the registration at birth of all children, there are considerable disparities in birth registration in rural and urban areas, and that children in migration circumstances, including irregular migration, as well as children in Kampong Ayer (the “water village”) are not always registered at birth. The Committee remains concerned about the lack of information regarding the practical implementation of the right of the child to express his or her views in judicial and administrative proceedings as well as to participate in the formulation and implementation of policies and programmes affecting him or her.
The Committee is deeply concerned that the State party imposes several measures limiting the observance of religions other than Islam, prohibiting public celebration of Christmas, Chinese New Year and other festivities. The Committee urges the State party to amend its national legislation in order to effectively guarantee the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion of children of all beliefs. The Committee further urges the State party to take all measures necessary, including awareness-raising and public education campaigns, to combat intolerance on the grounds of religion or belief. Additionally, the Committee urges the State party to promote religious dialogue in society, ensure that religious teachings promote tolerance and understanding among children of all communities and religious and non-religious backgrounds and combat every kind of social pressure on children to adhere to the rules of a religion with which they are not affiliated. The Committee also urges the State party to revise its school curricula in order to exempt children belonging to religions other than Islam from the mandatory course on Islamic religious knowledge.
Concluding observations on the second and third periodic reports released on 24 February 2016. The Committee encourages the State party to accelerate the review process with a view to withdrawing its reservations to articles 14, 20 (3) and 21 (b)-(e) of the Convention.
More information about education: World data on education
|Last Updated (date)||2nd of March, 2022|