|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, on a Communication Procedure|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home, alternative care settings and day care.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
Gabon's report shows clearly that the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has not yet been implemented far enough.
|Situation of intersexual and transsexual children||The Committee recommends that the State party raise awareness of equality and non-discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity to foster a culture of tolerance and mutual respect.|
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee is deeply concerned about cases of sexual abuse of children in the home, including incest, and in schools and public spaces. It is also concerned about the impunity enjoyed by the perpetrators and the reticence of survivors to file or proceed with formal complaints for fear of reprisals.
|Racism, children belonging to a minority and indigenous children||While noting the integrated programme to provide birth certificates, access to health, education and social services to pygmies, the Committee is concerned at the fact that pygmy children are in a most vulnerable situation due to the inaccessibility of hospitals, schools and social services and overall discrimination. The Committee recommends that the State party adopt a law for the protection of indigenous people and promptly take measures to effectively implement community projects providing birth certificates to all pygmy children and ensuring access to health, education and social services. Further, Gabon should conduct education and awareness-raising programmes to stop all forms of discrimination against pygmy children.|
|Situation of children with disabilities|
The Committee is seriously concerned about the insufficient resources allocated to support children with disabilities and their families, including access to health care and social services, and that the few available structures exist only in the capital. The Committee is also concerned about the persistent prejudice against children with disabilities by their families and communities, which leads to isolation and ill-treatment.
|Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children||The Committee notes the State party’s tradition of welcoming refugees and the measures taken to guarantee refugee and asylum-seeking children’s access to education, but recommends that the State party guarantee that refugee and asylum-seeking children have access to appropriate medical services and effective access to the National Health Insurance Fund and Social Guarantee. The State party should also ensure that asylum-seeking children have free and timely access to an effective refugee status determination procedure and child refugees have access to proper documentation, including by speeding up the restructuring process of the National Commission for Refugees.|
|Free primary and secondary school||Not clear|
To guarantee every child the right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health, the Committee recommends to the State party to develop and implement a community health policy to promote community participation and tailor health care to local needs, and in particular develop, with the full and effective participation of pygmies, mandatory cultural sensitivity training for all health-care workers. Additionally, the Committee recommends that the State party increase the allocation of resources to the health sector, with a view to them attaining 15 per cent of the national budget.
|Relation to other countries|
|Impacts of climate change|
The Committee welcomes the positive steps taken to address deforestation, but remains concerned about the State party’s policy to increase mono-cropping and that the land laws do not reflect the nomadic lifestyle of pygmy communities, including children, who rely on the forests for their livelihood.
The Committee is concerned about the high number of working children, in particular in sand quarries and restaurants (gargottes) and on taxis and buses, and the poor identification of abuses and sanction of perpetrators by law enforcement authorities. The Committee is also concerned about the lack of an action plan to remove children from illegal work. The Committee recommends to take the measures necessary to enforce the Labour Code, including at the provincial level, regarding the minimum age for employment, by raising awareness of this phenomenon, and strengthen law enforcement activities to identify abuses and sanction perpetrators, with a particular focus on activities related to sand quarries, restaurants, taxis and buses.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee welcomes Act No. 39/2010 creating a dedicated court system for children, recognizing children in conflict with the law as victims, giving priority to re- education and reintegration, considering deprivation of liberty as a measure of last resort, assigning a role to social workers during judicial proceedings and providing legal assistance to children. The Committee is, however, concerned about the ineffective implementation of the law, in particular that the dedicated juvenile justice system is not yet fully in place, juvenile courts are not separated from adult courts, law enforcement officials still lack knowledge about children’s rights, alternatives to detention do not exist and social workers do not systematically visit children in detention. To improve the situation, the Committee recommends to Gabon to create separate courts and a body of law enforcement officials specialized in the rights of the child and international standards in the administration of justice for children, and ensure that social workers regularly visit children in detention.
The Committee is concerned about the high number of children still without access to birth certificates, in particular children in remote areas, pygmy children and children in vulnerable situations, such as children in street situations, child victims of trafficking and child refugees, and that this is partly due to the poor enforcement of the measures adopted.
Concluding observations on the second periodic report released on 8 July 2016. More information about education: Preschool in Gabon
|Last Updated (date)||2nd of March, 2022|