|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
In the report, many points are not dealt with in detail. Italy is facing big problems regarding the situation of migrant children, but has already implemented children's rights in the field of education. Climate change and cooperation with other countries are not addressed. A new law concerning unaccompanied children that was co-developed by NGOs is still not implemented. Also, access to healthcare and family-type forms of placements are disparate in different regions.
|Situation of intersexual and transsexual children||Intersex children are discriminated against and right-based healthcare is not implemented nationwide. Italy is raising awareness on gender-based and sexual violence against children.<br /> The Committee recommends to develop and implement a child rights-based health-care protocol for intersex children, setting the procedures and steps to be followed by health teams, ensuring that no one is subjected to unnecessary medical or surgical treatment during infancy or childhood, guarantee bodily integrity, autonomy and self-determination to children concerned, and provide families with intersex children with adequate counselling and support. The Committee further recommends to educate and train medical and psychological professionals on the range of sexual, and related biological and physical, diversity and on the consequences of unnecessary surgical and other medical interventions for intersex children.|
|Situation of children with disabilities|
In Italy, children with disabilities are not segregated. But an efficient system for diagnosing disabilities is not implemented. The Committee recommends to undertake awareness-raising campaigns in order to combat stigmatization of and discrimination against children with disabilities and to promote a positive image of such children.
|Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children||Protection measures for unaccompanied children are enacted, but implementing the decrees is not concluded. Law 47/2017 is not implemented, so unaccompanied foreign minors have virtually no rights.|
|Free primary and secondary school||Yes|
|Digital possibilities||The Committee is concerned about the phenomenon of bullying and cyberbullying, mainly in the school environment, and recommends to strengthen awareness-raising on the adverse effects of bullying and cyberbullying.|
The Committee recommends to raise awareness about the importance of vaccinations and ensure comprehensive immunization coverage against childhood diseases.
|Relation to other countries|
No comprehensive system exists to monitor the state of mental health of children. Children with neuropsychiatric disorders have limited access to appropriate mental health care.
The Committee recommends that the State party take measures to prevent statelessness and ensure the effective implementation of the law regulating the acquisition of Italian citizenship at birth to otherwise stateless children and adopt legislation to improve statelessness determination procedures in accordance with international standards.
|Additional Background||State report on the fifth and sixth periodic reports released on 16 March 2018.|
|Last Updated (date)||22nd of February, 2022|