|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Violence||The Committee expresses its deepest concern that dozens of girls continue to be killed every year in the name of so-called honour. The Committee is also seriously concerned that girls at risk of becoming victims of those crimes have been, and continue to be, arbitrarily detained in correctional facilities for indefinite periods of time, supposedly for their protection.|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home, some alternative care settings and day care.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
In Jordan, girls in particular do not have it easy, as they are continued to be killed in the name of so-called honour. Palestinian children also have great problems, they are not given the same rights as other refugees. In addition, the health system can be improved and poverty must be fought.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee expresses its concern about the criminalization of abortion in all circumstances, a situation which leads adolescent girls to resort to unsafe clandestine abortion at the risk of their lives. The Committee is also concerned about the lack of information on the measures taken by the State party to improve adolescent health, including through sexual and reproductive health education.
|Situation of children with disabilities|
The Committee urges the State party to adopt and promote the social and human rights-based approach to disability, which acknowledges that the disabling factors reside in the environmental and attitudinal barriers created by society, and that all children with disabilities are the subjects of their own rights and can become active participants and contributors to society. The State party should organize the collection of appropriate data on children with disabilities which are necessary for the development of policies and programmes for children with disabilities. Also, Jordan should set up a comprehensive policy to develop inclusive education and ensure that inclusive education is given priority over the placement of children in specialized institutions, paying particular attention to children with mental and multiple disabilities. In addition, the Committee urges to recruit sufficient numbers of specialized teachers and professionals to provide individual support in all schools, and ensure that all professionals are adequately trained so that all children with disabilities can enjoy effectively their right to good quality inclusive education. Furthermore, the Committee urges the State Party to take all necessary measures to ensure the inclusion of children with disabilities in leisure and cultural activities.
|Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children||The Committee urges the State party to take all appropriate measures and implement specific programmes to improve the living conditions of Syrian refugee children, ensuring, inter alia, their access to education, to health care and to good nutrition and protecting them from various forms of labour exploitation, violence and, with regard to young girls, forced or early marriage practices. The Committee also urges the State party to ensure that no Palestinian refugee children fleeing the Syrian Arab Republic are prevented from entering Jordan or deported back to the Syrian Arab Republic and that they receive the same treatment as Syrian children in the State party.|
|Free primary and secondary school||No|
The Committee welcomes the significant progress made in reducing maternal and child mortality, as well as the recognition by the State party that further efforts are needed to reduce the under-5 mortality rate. The Committee is, however, seriously concerned about the alarming rates of malnutrition of children in the Za’atari camp and the malnutrition which continues to disproportionately affect children living in remote areas and belonging to the poorest segments of the population. It is also concerned about infectious diseases, which remain the leading causes of child morbidity, and that universal health insurance coverage of children has not yet been achieved.
|Relation to other countries|
The Committee is concerned about the lack of information on the measures taken by the State party to improve adolescent health, including through the improvement of mental health youth services.
The Committee is concerned that thousands of children, mainly boys, are still working in the wholesale and retail trade and agriculture sectors and that child labour is widespread among Syrian refugees. Also, a number of girls engaged as domestic workers face harsh conditions and are highly exposed to physical and sexual abuse and the reinforcement of the child-labour unit has not resulted in increased convictions of those who exploit children.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee expresses its concern about the information provided by the delegation that children under the age of 15 cannot lodge complaints of violations of their rights if they are not assisted by their parents or their guardians. The Committee is also concerned that mechanisms to support children in reporting their claims have yet to be established.
While welcoming the significant progress made by the State party in terms of human development, the Committee is concerned that children overwhelmingly bear the brunt of poverty in the State party and remain insufficiently covered by the National Aid Fund. The Committee is also concerned that progress made by the State party over the reporting period to combat poverty is challenged by the adoption of financial policies aimed at reducing the national budget deficit. The Committee is further concerned that, owing to their lack of status, many Palestinian families live in poverty in the State party without access to the National Aid Fund or to free basic services.
Concluding observations on the fourth and fifth periodic reports released on 8 July 2014. More information about education in Jordan: https://moe.gov.jo
|Last Updated (date)||22nd of February, 2022|