|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Violence||The Committee is seriously concerned about the considerable number of children killed during the violence in June 2010 and the inability of the State party to protect them during the conflict. The Committee is also concerned about the failure of the State party to investigate those killings expeditiously and bring those responsible to justice.|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home, alternative care settings and day care.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
The situation of internally migrated children in Kyrgyzstan is not good. Many do not have access to adequate housing or health care. Also of concern are the many children who work instead of going to school and many unwanted pregnancies among minors.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee is concerned about the large numbers of unwanted pregnancies among adolescent girls owing to low awareness of contraception options among adolescents and a lack of access to contraceptives. The Committee is also concerned that schools do not provide classes on sexual and reproductive health.
|Racism, children belonging to a minority and indigenous children||The Committee is concerned about discriminatory practices against minority groups and the continuing atmosphere of insecurity and tension since the ethnic conflict in 2010. It is particularly concerned about the increased segregation of minorities in many respects, such as through language and social polarization, largely mono-ethnic schools and a decrease in inter-ethnic friendships. The Committee is furthermore concerned about discriminatory practices against members of the Lyuli community in daily life. <br /> To improve the situation, the Committee recommends that the State party strengthen its efforts to reconcile communities and prevent discrimination against members of minority groups, through multilingual, common education and awareness-raising campaigns to promote tolerance and friendship among communities.|
|Situation of children with disabilities|
The Committee recommends that the State party take all the necessary measures to develop a policy on deinstitutionalization and prevent excessive institutionalization of children with disabilities by providing all the necessary support to families with children with disabilities and ensure sufficient alternative family and community-based care options for children with disabilities deprived of family environment. It also recommends to raise the awareness of the public, in particular children, about the rights of children with disabilities and take measures for their successful integration into society as well as to ensure that social benefits for families with children with disabilities are sufficient to cover the basic needs of such children. Kyrgyzstan should also provide inclusive education for children with disabilities by training teachers, providing schools with necessary equipment and raising the awareness of school personnel, children and the public in general of the rights of children with disabilities. Furthermore, the Committee recommends that the State party ensure prompt and effective investigation into cases of deaths of children with disabilities in care institutions and establish an independent monitoring of care institutions, in particular of the health-care services provided to children in such institutions.
|Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children||The Committee is concerned that children who have migrated internally with their parents live in hazardous houses with no access to energy, sanitation and communications and have no access to health care and education as they do not have residence permits. <br /> The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that children of internal migrant workers are provided with adequate living conditions and immediate access to health care and education irrespective of their residency status.|
|Free primary and secondary school||No|
The Committee is concerned that no programmes cover children above the age of 14 years. The Committee is also concerned about the increasing number of deaths of children in the first 24 hours of admission to hospital as a result of curable diseases, such as pneumonia and diarrhoea, and the high number of children who suffer from malnutrition.
|Relation to other countries|
The Committee is concerned about the large number of children, mostly without a birth certificate, working in hazardous conditions 7 days a week, 10 hours a day. It is particularly concerned that working children, especially those living in care institutions, are often subjected to physical, emotional and sexual abuse.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee is extremely concerned about widespread torture and ill-treatment of children by the representatives of law enforcement in detention facilities and closed institutions, including solitary confinement being imposed on them for up to seven days. In particular, the Committee is concerned about the case of Nookat in 2008, where families, including children, were subjected to torture for their alleged membership in the Hizbut Tahrir religious group. The Committee is also concerned about the lack of complaint mechanisms and effective investigations into cases of torture and ill-treatment of children in detention facilities and closed institutions and during the investigation process.
The Committee is concerned about reports that children born to parents who do not possess valid identity documents, in particular Lyuli mothers or mothers without a residence permit, are denied birth registration. The Committee is also concerned by reports of excessive bureaucratic and illegal demands made in the process of restoring birth certificates.
|Additional Background||Concluding observations on the third and fourth periodic reports released on 7 July 2014.|
|Last Updated (date)||22nd of February, 2022|