|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home, alternative care settings, day care and schools.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
The Solomon Islands have reproductive health issues with a high number of teen pregnancies. In addition, the outer islands and rural areas are also worse off in terms of health, with higher under-5 and maternal death rates.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee is concerned about the high rate of teenage pregnancies, increased rates of pregnancy-related complications and of sexually transmitted infections among adolescents as well as abortion being a criminal offence without any exceptions for cases of rape or incest. The Committee is further concerned about the limited access of teenage girls to safe reproductive and sexual health education and services, especially in rural areas and the outer islands, and the limited access to birth control methods, also due to fear of stigmatization as well as the limited availability of HIV testing and treatment and high levels of sexually transmitted infections.
|Situation of children with disabilities|
The Committee is further concerned about the limited access to inclusive education, transportation, public spaces and service delivery in all areas, especially in rural schools and communities.
|Free primary and secondary school||No|
The Committee, while noting the progress made in some areas, including on tuberculosis and malaria, is concerned at the high infant, under-5 and child mortality rates due to neonatal causes and preventable causes, such as diarrhoea, malaria and pneumonia as well as the low vaccination coverage, particularly in rural areas and outer islands.
|Relation to other countries|
The Committee is concerned at the inadequate resources of and poor conditions at the National Psychiatric Unit, lack of rehabilitation services for the mental health of children and insufficient number of personnel specialized in children with mental health issues.
|Impacts of climate change|
Noting that the State party is particularly vulnerable to climate change, the Committee is concerned that the State party has not included climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction in the school curriculum and does not have school-based early warning systems in place. The Committee states that more could be done to include the special needs of children, including children with disabilities, in planning disaster risk reduction preparedness, response and recovery, and that school infrastructure, particularly in remote areas, is not resilient and accessible in case of natural disaster.
The Committee is seriously concerned that there is no policy that addresses child labour and no social programmes to prevent child labour and support children involved in that practice. It is also concerned that cases of child labour have been reported in the logging, tourism and fishing industries and that there is no child-specific complaints mechanism that is able to effectively receive, monitor and investigate reports on cases of child exploitation.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee is seriously concerned that there is a lack of specialized judges or system for children in conflict with the law and there is a need for further capacity-building and support in relation to diversion, the police and judiciary for the full implementation of inter-agency protocols for children in conflict with the law. It is further concerned that juvenile detention facilities do not have separated services and spaces from adults, especially for the purposes of health care, sports, leisure and meals.
The Committee notes that the State party has made some progress in birth registration coverage of children. However, it remains seriously concerned at difficulties and delays in registration in part because the registration service is mostly centralized in the capital and because of penalties for late registration. The Committee is also concerned at the accuracy, as acknowledged by the delegation of the State party during the dialogue, of the registration details for children born to unmarried parents and to adolescent mothers.
Concluding observations on the second and third periodic reports released on 28 February 2018. More information about education on Solomon Islands: https://www.mfat.govt.nz
|Last Updated (date)||16th of February, 2022|