|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home, alternative care settings, day care and penal institutions.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
The report from Lesotho shows clearly that much still needs to be done to implement the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Violence against children and, in particular, sexual abuse of schoolgirls and girls who work in the household is a widespread problem. The health care system lacks medicines and the vaccination rate is comparatively low. It is positive that a recommendation on mental health has been included in the report and that the issue is being addressed.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee is concerned about the high rate of teenage pregnancies and sexually-transmitted infections, limited access to sexual and reproductive health information and services, especially in rural areas, and the limited use of condoms.
The Committee recommends that the State party provide sufficient funding and resources for the implementation in respect of adolescents of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy and Strategic Plan and the Reproductive Health Commodity Supply Strategic Plan, paying attention to all aspects of prevention, including in relation to sexually transmitted infections and early pregnancy. Furthermore, the Committee recommends that the State party ensure that access to sexual and reproductive health information and education is available country-wide, with special attention to preventing early pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Lesotho should also improve adolescent access to reproductive health care, contraception, including condoms, and related services and increase support for reproductive health and family planning services, especially in rural areas.
|Situation of children with disabilities|
The Committee is seriously concerned at limited access to community-based rehabilitation, early identification and referral programmes for children with disabilities and the inadequate support and resources for service providers and families of children with disabilities. It is also concerned about stigmatization of children with disabilities owing to societal and cultural attitudes and limited access to transportation, schools, health care, public spaces and service delivery in all areas, especially in rural communities. To improve the situation, the Committee urges the State party to set up a comprehensive strategy for the inclusion of children with disabilities and improve access to transportation, schools, health care, public spaces/buildings and service delivery in all areas, especially in rural communities. Also, the Committee urges the State party to increase financial, human and technical resources for children with disabilities, expand community-based rehabilitation, early identification and referral programmes for children with disabilities and provide the necessary human, technical and financial support to service providers and families of children with disabilities.
|Free primary and secondary school||Not clear|
The Committee is concerned at the high infant, under-five and child mortality rates owing to preventable causes such as high rates of malnutrition, food insecurity and rickets, acute respiratory illness, fever and diarrhoea. It is also concerned at limited funding, inadequate childcare facilities, an insufficient number of well-trained health workers for children and pregnant women, and poor access to health-care services, in particular in rural areas, which all present significant barriers to the improvement of children’s health.
|Relation to other countries|
The Committee is concerned that there is no mental health policy in the State party and that information on mental health services for children has not been made available by the State party.
|Impacts of climate change|
The Committee recommends to undertake measures to increase the knowledge of teachers and educators regarding environmental issues and climate change and to integrate environment and climate change issues into the national curriculum.
The Committee is concerned that child labour negatively affects schooling and leisure time, in particular for children in rural areas, and that there is no statistical data on children involved in child labour.
Therefore, the Committee recommends to collect data on children involved in different types of child labour and establish a child-specific complaints mechanism that can receive, monitor and investigate reports on cases of child exploitation, and raise awareness among children of the mechanism.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee is seriously concerned that the juvenile justice system is not effective and that not all children’s courts have an appropriately child-friendly infrastructure, and magistrates are not adequately equipped with victim support units. Additionally, there are no separate holding cells for children in police stations and free legal representation is not available in every case.
To improve the situation, the Committee urges the State party to bring its juvenile justice system into full compliance with the Convention and other relevant standards. In particular, the Committee recommends that the State party allocate sufficient financial resources to establish an adequate child-friendly infrastructure for children's courts and for village children's justice committees in all districts. It should also ensure that all children who appear in court are tried in children's courts, with special procedures and appropriately trained judges, and that children are housed separately from adults in police stations. In addition, the Committee recommends that all children in conflict with the law be provided with free, qualified, and independent legal assistance at an early stage of the proceedings and throughout the process, and that overreliance on inpatient facilities such as probation homes and accredited schools be avoided. Furthermore, the Committee recommends that it be ensured that these existing facilities are child-friendly institutions that promote reintegration, and that they are used only as a last resort and for the shortest possible period of time, with opportunities for early release.
The Committee is seriously concerned at the reports of killings of children involving the mutilation of body parts for the purpose of using the body parts medicinally. The Committee urges that the State party take immediate measures to prevent killings of children involving the mutilation of body parts, through raising community awareness, investigating all cases and bringing the perpetrators to justice.
The Committee urges the State party to include the specific needs of girls in measures regarding access to and use of water, sanitation and hygiene facilities and services in order to prevent sexual violence when collecting water, bathing or using toilets at night.
Concluding observations on the second periodic report released on 25 June 2018. More information about education: Education Act
|Last Updated (date)||1st of March, 2022|