|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is legal in the home, alternative care settings, day care, schools and penal institutions.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
In the report from Monaco, many points, such as the situation of children with disabilities or refugee children are not mentioned, so little information can be given about the situation of disadvantaged groups. For all other children the situation is very good, there is good health care, free education and efforts are made to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee notes as positive the efforts undertaken by the State party to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS and the establishment of the Antenatal and Family Support Coordination Centre. However, the Committee is concerned that sexual and reproductive health education for adolescents, especially in schools, is not systematic. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of adequate data on teenage pregnancy in the State party.
|Free primary and secondary school||Yes|
|Digital possibilities||The Committee is concerned at reports of cases of sexual abuse and child pornography on the Internet. The Committee regrets the absence of a study on sexual abuse and sexual harassment of children via digital media (the Internet).|
The Committee is concerned that domestic legislation and practice still do not guarantee free medical assistance to foreign children residing in the State party for fewer than five years.
|Relation to other countries|
The Committee recommends that the State party establish and implement regulations to ensure that the business sector complies with international and national human rights, labour, environment and other standards, particularly with regard to the rights of the child. The Committee recommends that the State party give special attention to the requirement of enterprises to undertake child-rights due diligence in their chain of suppliers and customers, including outside of the territory of the State party. It also recommends that the State party establish effective and accessible procedural safeguards against business enterprises implicated in violations of children’s rights.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee urges the State party to bring its juvenile justice system fully in line with the Convention and with other relevant standards. In particular, the Committee urges the State party to consider repealing the recent amendment to the Penal Procedure Code which allows children of under 13 years of age to be placed in police custody for the needs of investigation and promote alternative measures to the justice system wherever possible and ensure that detention is a measure of last resort and for the shortest possible period of time. Also, Monaco should ensure the provision of qualified and specialized legal aid to children in conflict with the law at an early stage of procedure and throughout the legal proceedings and that court judges, lawyers, police officers and social assistants receive appropriate and systematic education and training on juvenile justice.
While the Committee welcomes permitting naturalized Monegasque men and women to pass their nationality on to their spouse, it remains concerned about the restriction that prevents naturalized women from transmitting Monegasque nationality to their children in the event of a divorce. The Committee urges the State party to pursue its efforts to adopt legislation establishing the same right for men and women to pass on the Monegasque nationality to their children, regardless of the manner in which the nationality was acquired.
Concluding observations on the second and third periodic reports released on 29 October 2013.
|Last Updated (date)||22nd of February, 2022|