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Optional protocolon the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography
Corporal punishmentCorporal Punishment is prohibited.
Overview of the child rights situation

In Slovenia, the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child has progressed to very different degrees, and in the Promurje region in particular, the health care system and the associated infrastructure need to be improved. Roma children also enjoy fewer rights and have a lower standard of living than Slovenian children of the same age.

Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights

The Committee is concerned about reports received on underage forced marriages of Roma children involving sexual practices violating the children’s dignity. The Committee also notes with concern that Roma girls are often subject to sexual violence and exploitation by family members and there is a lack of adequate programmes for the recovery of these child victims of sexual abuse.

Racism, children belonging to a minority and indigenous childrenThe Committee urges the State party to take all effective measures to reduce disparities in the enjoyment of rights between children belonging to minority groups, in particular Roma children, and children belonging to the majority population in all areas covered under the Convention, and to pay particular attention to standards of living, health and education as recommended in previous paragraphs, and to report on progress achieved in that respect in its next periodic report to the Committee.
Situation of children with disabilities

The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that children with disabilities fully enjoy their rights under the Convention, in particular their right to health, education and adequate standard of living. The Committee encourages the State party to allocate the necessary resources for an effective implementation and extension of the above-mentioned programme with a view to guaranteeing to all children with disabilities access to education and health care, opportunities for play and culture, family life, protection from violence, an adequate standard of living and the right to be heard.

Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant childrenThe Committee notes with appreciation the information received on the amendments to the International Protection Act that regulate asylum seekers’ access to basic health services. However, it remains concerned that unaccompanied minors and children with families who lack legal status have access only to emergency health care. The Committee is also concerned that age assessment tests, including those which may be harmful to the child, are conducted frequently, as well as about the lengthy procedures to determine the minor’s application for international protection. The Committee is further concerned about the State party’s decision to decrease by 50 percent the financial assistance provided to asylum seekers staying outside the Asylum Home.
Free kindergartenNo
Free primary and secondary schoolNo
physical health

The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that all children in the State party have similar access to basic health services, and further increase its efforts in eliminating any ethnic disparity in access to, and provision of, health services in all regions in the State party. In this respect the State party should, inter alia, effectively implement the Strategy for enhancing health and the action plan for reducing inequalities in health in the Promurje region, and conclude similar strategies in all regions concerned in the State party. The Committee encourages the State party to pursue its efforts to combat childhood obesity and intensify measures to raise awareness of healthy nutrition among parents, children and the public in general and promote healthy eating habits particularly among young children and adolescents.

Relation to other countries
mental health

The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation to take effective measures to prevent suicide among young people. Therefore, the State party should accelerate its efforts to finalize the National Programme for Mental Health, with a view to reducing the suicide rate in the State party. The State party is also requested to ensure that child perspectives are incorporated and special psychosocial support programmes are introduced for adolescents in the above-mentioned programme and related action plans. The State party should, moreover, collect disaggregated data on suicide occurrence.

Business sector

The Committee is concerned about the allegedly growing phenomenon of child begging in the streets and the involvement of children from vulnerable populations, particularly Roma, in forced illegal activities such as theft and the sale of illegal drugs. The Committee is also concerned about the lack of disaggregated data in the State party report. The Committee further expresses its concern that self-employed children are not protected against hazardous work.

Situation of juvenile justice

The Committee is concerned about the lack of special provisions for children in the State party’s Criminal Code, and expresses its concern about the non-availability of open educational institutions for children aged 14-16 years who are in conflict with the law.
The Committee encourages the State party to pursue its intention to establish special provisions in its Criminal Code for children. In so doing, the State party should bring its juvenile justice system fully into line with the Convention. Furthermore, the Committee recommends that the State party strengthen alternative and non-judicial dispute resolutions for young children in conflict with the law. It is also recommended that the State party ensure that deprivation of liberty of these children is taken only as a measure of last resort. The Committee further encourages the State party to improve measures of rehabilitation and social reintegration, and to consider placing children aged 14-16 years who are in conflict with the law in open or semi-open educational institutions.

Specific observations

The Committee recommends that the State party assume primary responsibility for the effective operation of the Children’s Parliament and provide it with adequate human, financial and technical support. The Committee also recommends that the State party ensure that the child’s views are de facto heard in legal proceedings in courts and at Social Work Centres. To this end, the State party should provide opportunities for children’s views to be heard in legal proceedings, among others by expanding the system of a children’s advocate, and should ensure that courts attach due weight to the views of the children concerned.

Additional background

Concluding observations on the third and fourth periodic reports released on 8 July 2013.More information about education in Slovenia:

Last Updated (date)22nd of February, 2022