|Optional protocol||on the involvement of children in armed conflict, on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, on a Communication Procedure|
|Violence||The Committee is concerned about the high prevalence and tolerance of violence against children, the very low level of reporting thereon to authorities, the general lack of understanding on what constitutes violence against children and the limited ability of professionals to identify and address such cases.|
|Corporal punishment||Corporal Punishment is prohibited.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
In Montenegro, the Council for the Rights of the Child is limited in its authority and needs to be provided with a clear mandate. The State party did not provide much data on all important topics, so the report is relatively vague and recalls previous recommendations.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee notes the measures taken to combat the practice of sex-selective abortion and the information provided by the State party during its dialogue with the Committee regarding the success of the “Unwanted” and “Wanted” campaigns, which significantly improved the situation in this regard.
|Racism, children belonging to a minority and indigenous children||While noting that the Constitution of the State party guarantees the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, the Committee is concerned about the limited information on the measures taken to guarantee this right to children, in particular children from minority groups.|
|Situation of children with disabilities|
The Committee is concerned about the lack of effective equal protection of children with disabilities, who continue to face intersecting forms of discrimination. Furthermore, the Committee is concerned about the high number of children with disabilities who are in special schools or classes, and the fact that day-care centres for children with disabilities accept persons from the ages of 3 to 26 years, leading to cases where 3-year-old children share a space with 26-year-old adults. Therefore, the Committee urges to effectively implement legislation providing protection for children with disabilities and to give priority to inclusive education over the placement of children in specialized institutions and classes.
|Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children||The Committee recommends to strengthen public education campaigns to address negative social attitudes towards Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian children, children with disabilities and refugee and asylum-seeking children, and ensure that these children have equal access to legal aid, with a view to ensuring equal access of all children to education, health care, employment and a decent standard of living. There is limited access of asylum-seeking and refugee children to education and health services.|
|Free primary and secondary school||No|
Montenegro has a universal health-care program for children, but also declining rates of immunization against childhood diseases due to anti-vaccination campaigns and limited access to early childhood development services.
|Relation to other countries|
The Committee recommends to ensure that community-based mental health services are readily available, strengthen preventive work in schools, at home and care centres, and increase the number of child psychiatrists and psychologists.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee is concerned that the law grants the authority to judges to place a child in detention together with adults, that separate facilities for children do not exist, and that existing provisions for alternatives to detention are not being fully implemented. Therefore, the Committee recommends to ensure that the juvenile justice system is in compliance with the principles of the Convention and to provide qualified, independent and free legal aid to children in conflict with the law at an early stage of the procedure and throughout legal proceedings. Furthermore, the Committee recommends to establish separate facilities for children deprived of their liberty, and ensure that those facilities are run by specialized personnel.
The Committee recommends that the State party respect the right of the child to freedom of thought, conscience and religion by taking effective measures, including legislative measures, to prevent and eliminate all forms of intolerance on the grounds of religion or belief.
|Additional Background||Concluding observations on the second and third periodic reports released on 22 June 2018.|
|Last Updated (date)||22nd of February, 2022|