|Corporal punishment||Corporal punishment is legal in the home, alternative care settings, day care, schools, penal institutions and as a sentence for crime.|
|Overview of the child rights situation|
Tuvalu is a middle-income country, but it still uses too little money to effectively implement children's rights. Organizations and government institutions such as the National Advisory Committee on Children's Rights need more human, technical and financial resources, and all processes, especially budgeting, must include children. Other problems include increasing poverty and climate disasters, which threaten a healthy future. The children on the outer islands are much worse off than those living more centrally.
|Female genital mutilation and reproductive rights|
The Committee recommends that the State party decriminalize abortion and ensure access to safe abortion and post-abortion care services for adolescent girls, making sure that their views are always heard and given due consideration as part of the decision-making process, as well as strengthen its programmes on sexual and reproductive health education and expand them across the country, targeting adolescent girls and boys, with special attention paid to preventing early pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Tuvalu should also provide free, confidential and adolescent-responsive sexual and reproductive health services to all adolescents.
|Situation of children with disabilities|
The Committee is concerned that the laws and policies regarding children do not sufficiently take into account the rights of children with disabilities. It is also concerned about the lack of information on the situation of children with disabilities and the insufficient progress made in ensuring their access to specialized health care and services and to inclusive education.
|Situation of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children||Noting that international migration in the context of climate change and natural disasters may increasingly affect children, the Committee recommends that the State party consider developing legislation, policies and programmes governing the international migration of children that take into account the rights and needs of children.|
|Free kindergarten||Not clear|
|Free primary and secondary school||Yes|
|Digital possibilities||The Committee is seriously concerned that child sexual abuse material and the exploitation of children online are still not prohibited by law and the cybercrime bill has not yet been adopted.|
While welcoming the decline in infant and under-5 mortality rates, the high coverage of pre- and postnatal health care for mothers and the efforts to deploy medical personnel on every island, the Committee remains concerned about the disparities in health services between Funafuti and the other islands and at the reliance on government-funded overseas treatment schemes, which leads to less budget funding being allocated to strengthening the State party’s primary and preventive health-care system. The Committee is also concerned that anaemia is affecting 61 per cent of children under 5 years of age, alongside 29 per cent of pregnant women.
|Relation to other countries|
|Impacts of climate change|
The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that the special vulnerabilities and needs of children, as well as their views, are taken into account in developing policies and programmes addressing the issues of climate change and disaster risk management and that Tuvalu collect disaggregated data identifying the types of risk faced by children in the occurrence of a variety of disasters, in order to formulate international, regional and national policies, frameworks and agreements accordingly. Tuvalu should also strengthen the implementation of national policies for sustainable safe water supplies and sanitation, including the sustainable and integrated water and sanitation policy, with a view to increasing access to sufficient safe drinking water and providing adequate sanitation, including in the outer islands and strengthen measures to increase children’s awareness and preparedness for climate change and natural disasters, including by strengthening climate change education in schools across the country. In addition, Tuvalu should provide opportunities for children to effectively participate in discussions and decision-making related to climate action.
|Situation of juvenile justice|
The Committee notes the low number of cases in which children under 18 years of age have been formally charged with offences under the Penal Code, mainly owing to conflicts being addressed through community mediation. However, the Committee is concerned that cases of child offenders are dealt with in the general criminal justice system without the protections provided by the Convention.
The Committee is concerned about the low rates of birth registration, especially in the outer islands, the fees imposed on late registrations, the lack of effective measures to ensure the registration of the births of children of unmarried parents and the low level of public awareness of the importance of birth registration.
Concluding observations on the second to fifth periodic reports released on 31 March 2020. More information about education: Situation of children in Tuvalu
|Last Updated (date)||23rd of February, 2022|